Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

Compensation – includes the money allowance payable to an employee or his dependents and any other benefits paid for from the Employees’ Compensation Fund.

Disability – means the incapacity, because of an employment injury, to earn the wages the employee was receiving at the time of injury. It may be partial or total.

Earnings from employment or self employment – means:

  • 1. Gross earnings or wages before any deductions and includes the value of subsistence, quarters, reimbursed expenses and any other goods or services received in kind as remuneration; or
  • 2. A reasonable estimate of the cost to have someone else perform the duties of an individual who accepts no remuneration. Neither lack of profits, nor the characterization of the duties as a hobby, removes an unremunerated individual’s responsibility to report the estimated cost to have someone else perform his or her duties.



Injury – includes, in addition to injury by accident, a disease proximately caused by the employment, and damage to or destruction of medical braces, artificial limbs, and other prosthetic devices which shall be replaced or repaired, and such time lost while such device or appliance is being replaced or repaired; except that eyeglasses and hearing aids would not be replaced, repaired, or otherwise compensated for, unless the damages or destruction is incident to a personal injury requiring medical services.

Monthly Pay – means the monthly pay at the time of the injury, or the monthly pay at the time the disability begins, or the monthly pay at the time the compensable disability recurs, if the recurrence begins more than 6 months after the injured employee resumes regular full-time employment with the United States, whichever is greater, except when otherwise determined under section 8113 of this title with respect to any period.

Occupational disease or illness – means a condition produced by the work environment over a period longer than a single workday or shift.

Physician – includes surgeons, podiatrists, dentists, clinical, psychologists, optometrists, chiropractors, and osteopathic practitioners within the scope of their practice as defined by State law. The term “physician” includes chiropractors only to the extent that their reimbursable services are limited to treatment consisting of manual manipulation of the spine to correct a subluxation as demonstrated by x-ray to exist and subject to regulation by the Secretary.

Recurrence of disability – means an inability to work after an employee has returned to work, caused by a spontaneous change in a medical condition which had resulted from a previous injury or illness without an intervening injury or new exposure to the work environment that caused the illness. This term also means an inability to work that takes place when a light-duty assignment made specifically to accommodate an employee’s physical limitations due to his or her work-related injury or illness is withdrawn or when the physical requirements of such an assignment are altered so that they exceed his or her established physical limitations. A recurrence of disability does not apply when light-duty assignment is withdrawn for reasons of misconduct, non-performance of job duties or other downsizing or where a loss of wage-earning capacity determination as provided by 5 U.S.C. 8115 is in place.

Temporary aggravation of a pre-existing condition – means that factors of employment have directly caused that condition to be more severe for a limited period of time and have left no greater impairment that existed prior to the employment injury.

Traumatic Injury – means a condition of the body caused by a specific event or incident, or series of events or incidents, within a single workday or shift. Such a condition must be caused by external force, including stress or strain, which is identifiable as to time and place of occurrence and member or function of the body affected.

There’s No Better Time to Get Started